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Brick Laying Tips. and Techniques For Masonry Mortar

The strength of your masonry work depends largely on the mortar you use. This mortar formula has proven successful for most any outdoor masonry work where weathering is a constant consideration:

* 1 part Type IA Portland cement (1 cubic foot per 94 lb. bag) * 1 part Type S hydrated lime (1 cubic foot per 40 lb. bag) * 6 parts masonry sand (80 lb. damp loose sand per cubic foot)

Water can be added to this mortar up to 2 hours after mixing to re-temper the mortar. Avoid excessive water. A slightly stiffer mix is more desirable. Colored mortars may not be re-tempered.Use a Type N mortar for all masonry work unless there is a compelling reason to choose another mortar.Mortars are differentiated primarily by their strength: M is the highest strength, S is next, and N is a moderate strength mortar. (O and K are lower strengths yet, which is important in repair work so as not to create a mortar that is stronger than the wall/units where it is being placed.)

Type N MasonryASTM C91 Type N Masonry cement is a mixture of portland cement, finely ground mineral materials and special admixtures. It excels in all the qualities inherent in a fine masonry cement: workability, sand-carrying capacity, adhesiveness, water retention, and setting time.

Type S MasonryLab tests show excellent bond strength and adhesion with masonry units, resulting in less droppage waste and high water retention that resists rapid loss of moisture from the mortar, reducing the need for retempering.

Sister Sites Thetilesite MadeasyvideosBrick Laying On Patios.

Laying Brick patios are easy to maintain and can be installed even by amateurs. Laying the brick is simple, but the work itself is heavy-duty. A patio is relatively inexpensive; brick costs about $2.50 a square foot, with extra cost for sand or stone dust.A brick patio or sidewalk must have a border to keep the bricks from spreading all over the place. This border can be more bricks, patio blocks or pressure treated timbers.If your patio is in the sun, or if it's sunny most of...The Do It Your Self Brick Laying.

If the laborious task of mixing a wheelbarrow full of concrete makes you wince at the thought of laying brick, think again.You can create a walkway without the mortar and masonry skills used by the pros."Mortar paving is definitely not a do-it-yourself job," "But laying brick pavers is fairly elementary to learn." Planning the design is essential.Laying a beautiful brick walkway.

Laying A brick walkway can be a handsome addition to any home. Most people assume that laying a brick walk is a difficult task, requiring the skills of a seasoned mason. Actually, there is a relatively easy way to build a beautiful walkway without having to mix concrete or trowel mortar.The technique is called flexible paving. Essentially, it consists of laying the bricks on a bed of sand with a sub-bed of gravel. (In dry areas with good drainage, the gravel sub-bed may not be needed.)

Concrete paving blocks also are available. These come in a larger variety of shapes, colors and textures especially for patios and walks.

Base the dimensions of the area to be paved on whole-brick sizes. This will eliminate having to cut bricks to size.

It is usually wise to buy about 10 percent more brick than needed to allow for breakage. Arrange to have bricks delivered and stored in a convenient spot.

If the ground is hard packed and does not become soggy in spring or after heavy rains, you may not need a border.

If you plan to elevate the paving above ground level, consider a border of railroad ties set in a shallow trench and anchored to sections of galvanized pipe driven vertically into the ground at 4-foot intervals.

Use 1/2 or 3/4-inch diameter pipe; the sections should be at least 12 inches long. Drill holes through the ties and drive in the pipes, or sink the pipes alongside the outer perimeter of the ties, then fasten them with pipe-mounting brackets (narrow strips of metal, curved to fit around the outside of the pipes). To fasten the brackets to the ties, use galvanized common nails.

Next, dig a trench beneath the string or chalk, and set the border material into place. If you are using concrete, mix only enough to cover about 10 feet at a time. Pour it into the trench and embed the bricks before mixing another batch.

After the border is finished and the concrete has had time to cure, shovel out the area to be paved.

For a walk or patio that has adequate drainage, it is sufficient to excavate to a depth equal to the thickness of the bricks plus 2 inches for a layer of sand.

Keep the bottom of the excavation smooth, and slant it about 1/4-inch per foot away from the building for drainage.

For a site where drainage is poor, excavate an additional 4 inches for a layer of crushed stone to be spread beneath the sand.

When excavating for a patio next to a house wall with a downspout, permanently connect a flexible plastic drainage hose (available at building supply stores) to the spout and lay it in a sloping trench that will carry it beneath the patio to a drain field or pit on the other side.

After the excavation is finished, have the sand (or crushed stone, then sand) delivered and, if possible, dumped into the area to be filled.

Mason's sand is the best type to use; ordinary sand is cheaper but may contain small pebbles that make laying bricks troublesome.

Use a rake to spread stone and a hoe to spread sand. Tamp both materials firmly using a rented tamper or a 4-foot length of heavy lumber with a piece of plywood about 8 inches square fastened to the bottom.

After tamping, spray the sand with water to compact it further. Wait 24 hours, then tamp it again.

To keep weeds from growing up between the bricks, two layers of 15-pound asphalt-impregnated building paper (also available at building supply stores) can be laid on top of the sand.

Pierce the paper with a screwdriver in two or three places per square foot to aid drainage, and arrange the sheets of the top layer so they do not lie directly over those of the bottom layer.brick patiobrick archbrick pierLay A Brick Archway.Lay A Brick Pier.Lay A Brick Floor. There's A Lot More To Brick Laying ThanThe Three Little Pigs Let On!

How To Lay Bricks Just Got Easy.how to lay brickshow to lay brickbrick layinghow to lay brick walllaying brickshow to lay a brick sidewalkbrick laying techniqueshow to lay a brick floor,, and moreHave you ever wished you could build a Brick Side Walk, or a fireplace?Laying Bricks On Walk Ways,can be a lot easer if you are sure that the surface is level before you began.Brick Layers,all across the country lay bricks the same way.Mixing Mortar Tip.When mixing your mortar for your brick installlation be sure to use sand with small rocks.You can use the play sand at your home Emprovement store and get your mortar mix while you are there.

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Lay in the bricks. Work by kneeling on a piece of plywood to prevent dents in the tamped surface. Begin at a corner and set the bricks as close together as possible. Tap each brick gently with the handle end of a hammer to settle it.

When laying bricks directly on sand, avoid sliding them into position, as this creates a ridge of sand between them. Instead, place them carefully from above.

After the bricks are in place, spread sand over the surface and sweep it with a broom into the spaces between bricks. Spray the area with a hose to drive the sand deeper into the cracks, then add more sand.

Repeat this process several days in a row until the crevices are tightly packed. To maintain the brick work, add more sand whenever necessary.

A brick patio with different border styles. Concrete paving blocks (inset) are an alternative. 2. A plastic hose connected to a downspot channels water under patio to homemade drainage pit. 3. For tamping stone and sand, use 2-by-4s that have been nailed to a heavy plywood square. 4. Lay bricks snugly, tapping to set firmly. Sweep sand into crevices, hose down and sweep more sand.Step By Step Brick Laying.

Laying Bricks are arranged close together on a bed of packed sand surrounded by a border. After they are in place, more sand is swept into the crevices between them to prevent shifting.

Thorough planning makes the project even easier. Begin by choosing bricks and a pattern for arranging them. The most durable bricks for paving are called pavers. These are harder than ordinary bricks.

For driveways, use 4-inch-thick pavers. These will support the weight of vehicles. For most other areas, pavers about 2 inches thick are sufficient. The bricks should be rated SW, for severe weathering.

For areas that will be paved flush with ground level, a border can be made using strips of preservative-treated lumber (2-by-4 for thin bricks and 2-by-6 for thick ones).

Set the strips into the ground so that their top edges are even with the surface of the bricks. Anchor these with sections of galvanized pipe fastened around the outside of the border as described.

Another method, and the easiest to use for curved areas, is to set bricks vertically in a deep, narrow trench outlining the area to be paved. For extra strength, embed the bricks in a 4-inch-thick layer of concrete poured into the bottom of the trench.

To build any of the borders mentioned, first mark the area to be paved. Areas with straight sides are most accurately marked by stretching string between stakes driven into the ground. Curved areas can be outlined with powdered chalk.